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The paper aims to identify those characteristics of bitumen which have the greatest impact on asphalt mixture low-temperature performance. It was observed that stiffness and m-value of bitumen from BBR test were moderately related to stiffness and m-value of asphalt mixture obtained from 3 PB test. Simultaneously those rheological properties significantly impact on cryogenic stresses induced during TSRST test. The multiple regression model was developed and it implied that mixture failure temperature depends both on rheological properties, brittle fracture and content of bitumen, what means that only comprehensive assessment of bitumen properties enables reasonable assessment of its low-temperature performance.
2020
Dawid Ryś,
Mariusz Jaczewski,
Marek Pszczoła,
Piotr Jaskuła,
Wojciech Bańkowski
The publication presents fatigue properties of cold recycled mixtures for eight combinations of binding agents (cement and bituminous emulsion). Cold recycled mixtures were evaluated in Indirect Tensile Fatigue Test (ITFT) at the temperature of 20 C in controlled stress mode. As a function of horizontal stress, fatigue life is strongly influenced by combination of the binding agents. When fatigue life is analyzed as a function of initial horizontal strain, the difference between different combinations decreases. In all cases, the influence of a specific binding agent is more visible for combinations with lower total amounts of the two agents.
2020
Bohdan Dołżycki,
Cezary Szydłowski,
Mariusz Jaczewski
Warm mix asphalt (WMA) has been widely accepted as a future asphalt paving technology. Besides clear advantages, there are still some concerns regarding durability and long-term performance of pavements made with this type of asphalt mixtures. One of the most important issues is low temperature behaviour of WMA because certain additives used for temperature reduction can aect bitumen properties. This paper presents the evaluation of low-temperature properties of laboratory-produced asphalt concrete for wearing course with selected WMA additives. One type of bitumen with paving grade 50/70 and fiveWMAadditives of dierent nature (organic, surface tension reducer and combination of both) were used in this study. The production and compaction temperature of mixtures containing WMA additives was 25 C lower in comparison with the temperature of the reference mix. To assess the susceptibility of WMA to low-temperature cracking, Semi-Circular Bending (SCB) and Thermal Stress Restrained Specimen Test (TSRST) were used. Supplementary rating was made by analysing Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR) test results of asphalt binders.
2020
Marcin Stienss,
Cezary Szydłowski
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of global mortality. As the social and economic costs of NCDs have escalated, action is needed to tackle important causes of many NCD’s: low physical activity levels and unhealthy dietary behaviours. As these behaviours are driven by upstream factors, successful policy interventions are required that encourage healthy dietary behaviours, improve physical activity levels and reduce sedentary behaviours of entire populations. However, to date, no systematic research on the implementation and evaluation of policy interventions related to these health behaviours has been conducted across Europe. Consequently, no information on the merit, gaps, worth or utility of cross-European policy interventions is available, and no guidance or recommendations on how to enhance this knowledge across European countries exists. As part of the Joint Programming Initiative “A Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life” (JPI HDHL), 28 research institutes from seven European countries and New Zealand have combined their expertise to form the Policy Evaluation Network (PEN). PEN’s aim is to advance tools to identify, evaluate, implement and benchmark policies designed to directly or indirectly target dietary behaviours, physical activity, and sedentary behaviour in Europe, as well as to understand how these policies increase or decrease health inequalities. Using well-defined evaluation principles and methods, PEN will examine the content, implementation and impact of policies addressing dietary behaviour, physical activity levels and sedentary behaviour across Europe. It will realise the first steps in a bespoke health policy monitoring and surveillance system for Europe, and refine our knowledge of appropriate research designs and methods for the quantification of policy impact. It will contribute to our understanding of how to achieve successful transnational policy implementation and monitoring of these policies in different cultural, demographic or socioeconomic settings. PEN will consider equity and diversity aspects to ensure that policy actions are inclusive and culturally sensitive. Finally, based on three policy cases, PEN will illustrate how best to evaluate the implementation and impact of such policies in order to yield healthy diets and activity patterns that result in healthier lives for all European citizens.
2020
Jeroen Lakerveld,
Catherine Woods,
Antje Hebestreit,
Hermann Brenner,
Marion Flechtner-Mors,
Janas M. Harrington,
Carlijn B.M. Kamphuis,
Michael Laxy,
Aleksandra Luszczynska,
Mario Mazzocchi,
Celine Murrin,
Maartje Poelman,
Ingrid Steenhuis,
Gun Roos,
Jürgen M. Steinacker,
Christian C. Stock,
Frank Van Lenthe,
Hajo Zeeb,
Joanna Żukowska,
Wolfgang Ahrens
Tire/road noise in most driving conditions dominates other sources of traffic noise. One of the most efficient ways of reducing tire/road noise is to use the so-called “low noise pavement”. According to numerous studies, at present, poroelastic road pavement that is composed of rubber and mineral aggregate and polyurethane or bituminous binder gives the best noise reduction up to 12 dB. Unfortunately, there are many problems with making durable poroelastic pavements. This article presents the first results of a project that is executed in Poland and aims at the development of a durable, low noise poroelastic pavement based on polymer-modified asphalt binder called Safe, Eco-friendly POroelastic Road Surface (SEPOR). Two test sectionswere built in 2019 to test the production technology and performance of the SEPOR pavement. It is observed that some of the problems with previous poroelastic materials were mainly eliminated (especially delamination from the base layer and raveling) but noise reduction is a little less than expected (up to 9 dB). Rolling resistance for car tires is acceptable and fire properties (damping of spill fuel fires, toxic gas emission) are very good.
2020
Piotr Jaskuła,
Jerzy Ejsmont,
Marcin Stienss,
Grzegorz Ronowski,
Cezary Szydłowski,
Beata Świeczko-Żurek,
Dawid Ryś
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